FMS /fibromyalgia syndrome is a widespread musculoskeletal pain and fatigue disorder for which the cause is still unknown. It also accompanied by fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Fibromyalgia means pain in the fibrous tissues in the body. Some people who have the condition ache all over the body, others have acute pain in one area. Researchers suggest that fibromyalgia amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way your brain processes pain signals. Some common symptoms of FMS include:
Concentration and memory problems — known as “fibro fog.”
Irritable bowel syndrome.
Painful menstrual cramps.
Swelling, numbness, and tingling in hands, arms, feet, and legs.
Although the exact cause is currently unknown the following may be a factor.
Infections: A previous illnesses could trigger fibromyalgia or make symptoms of the condition worse.
Genetics: Fibromyalgia can run in families. If an individual has a family history of the condition, their risk for developing it is higher. Researchers think certain genetic mutations could play a role in this condition. Those genes haven’t yet been identified.
Trauma: Physical or emotional trauma may develop fibromyalgia. The condition has been linked with post-traumatic stress disorder.
Stress: Stress can create long-reaching effects your body deals with for months and years. Stress has been linked to hormonal disturbances that could contribute to fibromyalgia.
How is fibromyalgia diagnosed
Guidelines recommend that a diagnosis be made if an individual experience an ongoing, widespread pain for three months or longer. This includes pain that has no obvious cause related to any other conditions.
Common medications for fibromyalgia include:
Pain medication: Doctors can recommend over-the-counter pain medication, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen . Prescription versions, such as tramadol , maybe be used in extreme cases. They’re used sparingly to reduce the risk of side effects and dependence.
Antidepressants: Antidepressants, such as sertraline, are sometimes used to help treat anxiety or depression associated with fibromyalgia. These medicines may also help improve sleep quality.
Antiseizure drugs: Gabapentin was designed to treat epilepsy, but it may help reduce symptoms in people with fibromyalgia. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration also approved pregabalin (Lyrica) for the treatment of fibromyalgia.
FMS can also be helped through:
getting enough sleep at night
a balanced, healthy diet
Currently FMS has no known cure, however people living with the condition can learn how to manage the condition. Fibromyalgia Action UK is a charity which provides information and support to people with fibromyalgia.